Impressionism

Impressionism is one of the last major art directions established by a group of French painters, which originated in the mid to the late 19th century and was most prevalent from the beginning of 1874 (was also the year of the first major exhibition) to 1890.
 
Impressionists' works are in stark contrast to the earlier realistic painted art direction. Impressionism does not affect social issues, does not deal with metaphysical problems, does not show common every day or religious motives. Works of this flow also differ from the classic understanding of the painting. As one of the first, impressionists begin to go out and paint what they currently offer them of impressions. They focus on what not everyone can admit or notice. They reflect a fleeting moment that appears in the very last second of its duration, usually conveyed through the use of light and its reflection, with short brush strokes, and separation of colors. 

When characterizing the Impressionistic techniques, particular emphasis is placed on the short but thick brush strokes that quickly capture the essence of the subject, rather than its details; The paint is often used impasto, a technique where paint is laid on an area of the surface very thickly, for example on the substrate used as the palette. The colors that form the rainbow are used side by side with as little mixing as possible, a technique that utilizes the principle of simultaneous contrast to make the color appear more vivid to the observer; Gray and dark tones are produced by mixing complementary colors and the pure black is never used; Wet paint is applied on the wet paint without waiting for its drying, thereby achieving softer edges due to mixture of the colors; The transparency of diluted paints is no longer used to achieve effects, and the surface of impressionistic paintings is typically opaque; The natural light was always emphasized and focus was mostly on reflection of color from object to object. The painters often worked in the evening to produce truly shady effects.

The most important and most famous painters in the Impressionist movement were Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne, Edouard Manet, Edgar Degas, Mary Cassatt, Gustave Caillebotte and others.


"Impression, soleil levant" is a painting by Claude Monet. The painting was exhibited on what would later be known as the "Impressionist's Exhibitions" in April 1874. The painting is considered to be the name and so called symbol of the Impressionist Movement. Impression. The sunrise portrays the port of Le Havre, Monet's hometown, and it is his most famous painting of the harbor.